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Septima Poinsette Clark
   
 
 
 
 
 
We are not a problem people; we are a people with problems. We have historic strengths; we have survived because of family.
Clark is known as the "Grandmother of the Civil Rights Movement” because of her work for equal access to education and civil rights for African Americans several decades before the rise of national awareness of racial inequality. In 1919, she became involved in the NAACP and persuaded community members to sign petitions to allow blacks to become principals in Charleston's public schools and enjoyed the legal victory when they were given that right. Clark was later fired from her job because of a legislature that banned city and state employees from being involved with civil rights organizations.